Saturday, February 27, 2016

Deciphering IgM interference in IgG anti-HLA antibody detection with flow beads assays

In flow beads assays, the interference of IgM for IgG anti-HLA antibodies detection is not precisely understood. Using the screening flow beads assay for class I HLA antibodies, we analyzed the binding of two IgG mAbs, the anti-class I HLA W6/32 and an anti-beta-2-microglobulin, in the presence of an anti-beta-2-microglobulin IgM mAb. In neat serum, the IgM mAb impaired the detection of both IgG. In EDTA-treated serum, the interference was stronger for the anti-beta-2-microglobulin IgG than for W6/32, in agreement with the finding in surface plasmon resonance that this IgM competed with the anti-beta-2-microglobulin IgG but not with W6/32. The IgM interference was higher in neat than in EDTA-treated serum for both IgG mAbs. The IgM interference was also analyzed with class II single antigen flow beads and sera from two kidney recipients containing IgG and IgM donor specific antibodies. Anti-HLA IgG detection was partially corrected by EDTA, and restored by IgM inactivation with DTT, confirming the results observed with the mAbs. Therefore, three mechanisms can explain the IgM interference for IgG anti-HLA antibodies in flow beads assays: direct competition for antigen, steric hindrance and complement activation (read more)