Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Analysis of Predictive and Preventive Factors for De Novo DSA in Kidney Transplant Recipients

Background : Development of de novo donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies (dnDSA) has been associated with poor graft outcome, although the preventive factor for its production is still elusive. We analyzed the incidence of dnDSA within 5 years posttransplant in 562 living-kidney transplant recipients to evaluate predicting and preventive factors for dnDSA development.
Materials and Methods : All patients were considered to be non-HLA sensitized, as determined by the preoperative single-antigen bead assay (SABA), although they included various ABO blood type compatibilities. Preoperative administration of rituximab was indicated for 48% of patients, mainly for ABO incompatible transplantation. We retrospectively compared the patients with dnDSA and those without.
Results : Development of dnDSA was observed in 27 of the total 562 patients (5%). Chronic rejection was more frequently observed in patients with dnDSA than in those without (41% vs. 6%, P<0.001). The dnDSA-positive patients showed decreased graft function and poorer graft survival rates than those who tested negative. In multivariate analysis, higher likelihood of dnDSA production was observed in male recipients (odds ratio 6.57, P=0.012) and patients with a higher number of HLA-DR mismatches (odds ratio 2.41, P=0.008), whereas lower likelihood was observed in patients treated with rituximab induction (odds ratio 0.33, P=0.040).
Conclusion : Results suggest that rituximab induction as a standard immunosuppression protocol may have a preventive effect for dnDSA production in the non-HLA sensitized low immunologic risk patients (read more) Print this post

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