Wednesday, November 7, 2012

Is it time to revisit our current hematopoietic progenitor cell quantification methods in the clinic?

In the clinical practice of hematopoietic SCT, the minimum numbers of cells required for a successful engraftment are defined on the basis of their CD45 and CD34 expression profiles. However, the quantity of earlier progenitors or CD34-positive cells at different differentiation stages within stem cell grafts is not generally taken into consideration. During the last decade, various teams have quantified the number of cells expressing various combinations of CD34, CD38, CD133, CD90 co-expression and/or aldehyde dehydrogenase functional capacity using flow cytometry. Some of these studies resulted in the greater appreciation that combinations of these Ags were associated with varied myeloid, erythroid and platelet engraftment rates whereas others showed that the relative absence or presence of these markers could define cells responsible for either short- or long-term engraftment. These findings were also extended to differences between progenitor cell populations found within BM vs peripheral or cord-blood grafts. Cells harvested from donors are also generally frozen and stored; thawed cells have variable levels of viability and functional capacity based on the time tested post thaw, which also can be assessed by flow cytometry. Finally, flow cytometry has the potential for analysis of cells carrying a mesenchymal stem cell phenotype, which may be quiescent within some of the stem cell products. This review will address the need for stem cell subpopulation quantification and summarize existing published data to identify some Ags and functional characteristics that can be applicable to daily clinical practice (read more). Print this post

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