Monday, February 2, 2015

Pre-transplant Virtual PRA and Long-term Outcomes of Kidney Transplant Recipients

Virtual Panel Reactive Antibodies (vPRA) has been implemented to gauge sensitization worldwide. It is unclear how it associates with long-term outcomes, and its correlation with peak (pPRA) or actual (aPRA) has not been studied. We retrospectively reviewed data from 18-65 year-old kidney-only transplant patients during 1.1.1996–31.7.2011 in our centre. PRAs were calculated based on solid-phase techniques. Of the 726 qualified cases, regardless of the PRA type, sensitized patients (PRA>5%) had more females and previous transplant. Highly sensitized (HS, PRA>50%) had longer waiting time, lower transplant rate, less living donor, more delayed graft function and acute rejection. The conformity between vPRA and pPRA in HS were 75%, 57% between pPRA and aPRA. Forty-three percent (61/142) patients whose pPRA was >5% had no detectable aPRA and maintained similar outcomes as sensitized patients. Multivariate analysis showed consistently lower death-censored graft survival in HS defined by vPRA [HR 2.086 (95% CI 1.078-4.037), P<0.05] and pPRA [HR 2.139 (95% CI 1.024-4.487), P<0.05]. Both vPRA and pPRA provided reliable way estimating sensitization and predicting long-term graft survival, while aPRA might underestimate true sensitization. vPRA might be the most objective parameter to gauge sensitization (read more) Print this post

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