Saturday, November 8, 2014

Denatured Class I Human Leukocyte Antigen Antibodies in Sensitized Kidney Recipients: Prevalence, Relevance, and Impact on Organ Allocation

Background : Single antigen flow beads assays may overestimate sensitization because of the detection of supposedly irrelevant antibodies recognizing denatured class I human leukocyte antigens (HLAs).
Methods : Sera of 323 HLA-sensitized kidney transplant candidates positive with a class I HLA single antigen flow beads assay were retested after acid treatment of the beads. Denatured HLA antibodies were identified according to ratio between the measured fluorescence intensity for treated and nontreated beads. T-lymphocyte flow cytometry crossmatches were performed to characterize the ability of these antibodies to recognize HLA on normal cells as a surrogate of their potential clinical relevance. Their impact on organ allocation was evaluated through a calculated panel reactive antibody. The utility of single antigen flow beads largely devoid of denatured HLA (iBeads) was also evaluated.
Results : Denatured HLA antibodies were detected in 39% of the patients. They provided much less positive flow cytometry crossmatches than anti-native HLA antibodies (16% vs. 83%, P<0.0001). Removing the HLA-A and HLA-B antigens targeted by denatured HLA antibodies from unacceptable antigens lowered the calculated panel reactive antibody for 90 patients, sometimes dramatically. The iBeads assay demonstrated nearly the same ability to predict crossmatch results than the acid treatment assay.
Conclusion : Denatured class I HLA antibodies are common, but the antigens they target should not be considered as unacceptable in most cases, because they negatively impact access to a transplant while predominantly providing negative sensitive crossmatches. The iBeads assay seems to be a valuable alternative to better define unacceptable antigens (read more) Print this post

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