Thursday, January 2, 2014

ABO antibody and complement depletion by immunoadsorption combined with membrane filtration--a randomized, controlled, cross-over trial

BACKGROUND: Potent antibody depletion techniques have paved the way to successful ABO-incompatible transplantation. Considering its efficiency regarding IgG removal, the use of non-antigen-specific semi-selective immunoadsorption (IA) has been advocated. One attractive strategy to overcome the caveat of incomplete IgM depletion and to interfere with complement activation could be the adjunctive use of membrane filtration (MF) to enhance the removal of macromolecules.
METHODS: To investigate the depletion efficiency of semi-selective IA plus MF, we conducted a randomized, controlled, cross-over trial including patients on regular IA treatment for indications outside recipient desensitization. According to the results of sample size calculation, 14 subjects were enrolled. Two treatment sequences, a single session of IA plus MF followed by IA alone after ≥7 days (and vice versa), were analysed.
RESULTS: IA plus MF markedly enhanced the median per cent reduction of ABO-specific IgM determined by flow cytometry (primary end point; 59 versus 23%, P < 0.001) and haemagglutination (2 versus 1 titre steps, P < 0.001), respectively. Combined treatment also substantially lowered C1q concentrations (86 versus 58% reduction, P < 0.001) and the functionality of classical complement as reflected by impaired in vitro C3 activation capability. IgG was strongly reduced without any additional effect of MF.
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that the innovative strategy of combining MF with semi-selective IA may substantially increase IgM elimination and affect classical complement activation. Our findings suggest that this new treatment concept could be an efficient strategy for recipient desensitization in ABO- and HLA-incompatible transplantation (read more)

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