Wednesday, July 10, 2013

Vimentin antibody production in transplant patients and immunomodulatory effects of vimentin in-vitro

We investigated the presence of antibodies to vimentin in 150 patients awaiting transplant, (50 kidney, 50 liver and 50 thoracic) and in 51 previously transplanted kidney patients whose grafts had failed. Patients with primary end stage thoracic or kidney disease did not have increased levels of vimentin antibodies, but those with primary liver failure and those with kidney graft failure did. Those with kidney graft failure were more likely to form vimentin antibodies if the patient was HLA-DQ2 positive (p=<0.001). Further to this, we observed antibody mediated rejection in five HLA-DQ2 positive re-transplant patients where no other antibodies were identified. We investigated the effects of vimentin protein on cytokine production in phytohaemagglutinin stimulated and unstimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. When exposed to vimentin at low levels there was increased production of IL-10. When cultures were stimulated, there was a decrease in IL-10, IL-2 and IFN-gamma production and a large increase in IL-4 production (p=0.028) compared to the controls. These results suggest that under normal conditions exposure to vimentin can lead to regulation of the immune response. However, if the immune system is active, exposure to vimentin can enhance Th-2 immunity (read more) Print this post

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