Tuesday, July 16, 2013

B cell regulation and its application to transplantation

There has been increasing interest in the role played by B cells and their associated antibody in the immune response to an allograft, driven by the need to undertake antibody-incompatible transplantation and evidence suggesting that B cells play a role in acute T cell-mediated rejection and in acute and chronic antibody-mediated rejection. This review focuses on the molecular events, both activating and inhibitory, which control B cell activation, and considers how this information might inform therapeutic strategies. Potential targets include the BAFF (B cell-activating factor belonging to the tumour necrosis factor family) and CD40-CD40L pathways and inhibitory molecules, such as CD22 and FcγRIIB. B cells can also play an immunomodulatory role via interleukin (IL)10 production and may contribute to transplant tolerance. The expansion of allograft-specific IL10-producing B cells may be an additional therapeutic goal. Thus, the treatment paradigm required in transplantation has shifted from that of simple B cell depletion, to that of a more subtle, differential manipulation of different B cell subsets (read more) Print this post

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