Tuesday, June 4, 2013

Diabetes-Free Survival in Patients Who Underwent Islet Autotransplantation After 50% to 60% Distal Partial Pancreatectomy for Benign Pancreatic Tumors

imageBackground: Several retrospective studies with short-term follow-up have demonstrated a low rate of new-onset diabetes after distal pancreatectomy for benign pancreatic tumors. We sought to determine the long-term diabetes-free survival of patients who underwent islet autotransplantation (IAT) after distal pancreatectomy and to identify any associations between the isolation parameters of autologous islets and diabetes-free survival.
Methods: Among the 37 nondiabetic patients who underwent 50% to 60% partial pancreatectomy, 20 underwent IAT (IAT group; median follow-up period, 61 months). In the IAT group, diabetes-free survival was determined based on annual oral glucose tolerance tests, fasting blood glucose, and hemoglobin A1C.
Results: The 7-year diabetes-free survival rate was 51% in the IAT group (median follow-up period, 61 months) and 45% in the 37 study subjects. Diabetes-free survival was significantly prolonged when islet yield per gram of pancreas weight was more than 5154 islet equivalents (IEQ)/g, even in patients with prediabetes and high insulin resistance who had a markedly high rate of diabetes development. The proportion of patients with impaired glucose tolerance at 2 years after distal pancreatectomy was 12 of 16 in the control group, 6 of 7 in patients with islet yields of less than 5154 IEQ/g, and 3 of 11 in patients with islet yields of more than 5154 IEQ/g (P=0.019).
Conclusions: Partial (50%–60%) pancreatectomy for benign pancreatic tumors had a major metabolic consequence, especially in patients with prediabetes and high insulin resistance. In this setting, prolonged diabetes-free survival was observed in patients who underwent IAT when a high islet yield per gram of pancreas was achieved (read more) Print this post

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