Friday, April 26, 2013

Preferential HLA-DRB1*11-dependent presentation of CUB2-derived peptides by ADAMTS13-pulsed dendritic cells

Autoantibodies directed against ADAMTS13 prohibit the processing of von Willebrand factor multimers, initiating a rare and life-threatening disorder called acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Recently, HLA-DRB1*11 has been identified as a risk factor for the development of acquired TTP. Here, we identified ADAMTS13-derived peptides presented on MHC class II alleles from 17 healthy donors. Dendritic cells from a panel of both HLA-DRB1*11–positive and -negative donors were pulsed with ADAMTS13, and the HLA-DR–presented peptide repertoire was analyzed by mass spectrometry. Interestingly, at low antigen concentrations, HLA-DRB1*11- or DRB1*03-positive donors presented a limited number of CUB2-derived peptides. Pulsing of dendritic cells using higher concentrations of ADAMTS13 resulted in the presentation of larger numbers of ADAMTS13-derived peptides by both HLA-DRB1*11–positive and -negative donors. Although the presented peptides were derived from several ADAMTS13 domains, inspection of the peptide profiles revealed that CUB2 domain–derived peptides were presented with a higher efficiency when compared with other peptides. Remarkably, dendritic cells from DRB1*11 donors pulsed with higher concentrations of ADAMTS13-present derivatives of a single CUB2-derived peptide. We hypothesize that functional presentation of CUB2-derived peptides on HLA-DRB1*11 contributes to the onset of acquired TTP by stimulating low-affinity, self-reactive CD4+ T cells (read more) Print this post

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