Wednesday, April 24, 2013

Chimerism Patterns of Long-Term Stable Mixed Chimeras Posthematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Nonmalignant Diseases: Follow-Up of Long-Term Stable Mixed Chimerism Patients

Long-term stable mixed chimerism (MC) is a rare phenomenon after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) characterized by 5% to 95% residual recipient hematopoietic cells. The underlying mechanisms of MC are largely unknown. In this study we compared full donor chimerism with long-lasting stable MC for a median of 9.5 years (range, 5 to 16.5) post-HSCT in patients with nonmalignant diseases. Several factors significantly associated with the likelihood of stable MC development were identified by univariate analysis, eg, younger donor age, sibling donor, and conditioning regimen. Despite a limited patient cohort, our multivariate analysis could confirm that a sibling donor was associated with stable MC development. Furthermore, development of acute-graft-versus-host disease and blood stream infection was significantly more prevalent in the full donor chimerism patient group. Additionally, significant fluctuations in the recipient-to-donor chimerism ratio decreased over time after HSCT in MC patients (read more) Print this post

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