Tuesday, February 5, 2013

Blood Group Antigen-Targeting Peptide Suppresses Anti-Blood Group Antibody Binding to Antigen in Renal Glomerular Capillaries After ABO-Incompatible Blood Reperfusion

imageBackground: Antibody-mediated rejection after ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation (ABO-I KTx) is a major barrier to transplantation success. The advent of immunosuppressive therapy has markedly improved graft survival in ABO-I KTx. However, compared with normal KTx, clinical conditions during ABO-I KTx are difficult to control because of overimmunosuppression. To reduce the need for immunosuppression, we aimed to develop a novel blood group antigen-neutralizing therapy.
Methods: We screened for an ABO blood group antigen-targeting peptide (BATP) by screening of T7 phage-displayed peptide library. After screening, hemagglutination inhibition assays, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and cytotoxicity assay were used to analyze the blood group antigen-blocking effect and toxicity of BATP. We also tested the inhibitory effects on anti-blood group antibody binding in normal human kidney tissues blocked with BATP and excised kidneys perfused ex vivo with BATP.
Results: We identified six peptide sequences that efficiently suppressed hemagglutination of red blood cells by anti-ABO blood group antibodies and binding of these antibodies to ABO histo-blood group antigens in kidney tissues. Surprisingly, ex vivo perfusion of BATP in kidneys excised from renal cell carcinoma patients caused significant suppression of anti-blood group antibody binding to antigen and IgG and IgM deposition in renal glomerular capillaries after ABO-I blood reperfusion.
Conclusions: These data indicate that A/B blood group antigens on red blood cells and in kidney tissues may be neutralized by BATP. This approach may enable the development of a novel blood group antigen-neutralizing therapy to overcome the challenges of ABO-I KTx (read more) Print this post

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