Wednesday, August 15, 2012

Impact of Pretransplant Human Leukocyte Antigen-C and -DP Antibodies on Kidney Graft Outcome

The aim of our study was to determine whether the presence of specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-C and -DP antibodies before transplantation influenced graft outcomes in immunized recipients. Two groups of pretransplant immunized recipients were studied: patients with only classical HLA-A, -B, -DR, -DQ antibodies (n = 176) and those with classical plus HLA-C and/or -DP antibodies (n = 27). Acute antibody-mediated rejection was preferentially associated with the presence of pretransplant anti-HLA-C and -DP antibodies (5/6 cases). In four cases, acute rejection episodes were followed by graft loss within 15 months after transplantation. There was a significant increase in the number of acute rejection episodes especially antibody-mediated acute rejections (P = .036) and in the number of graft losses for immunologic reasons (P < .001) among the group with pretransplant anti-C and -DP antibodies. Pretransplant anti-DP antibodies seemed to be involved more frequently in poor graft outcomes as shown in several recent published cases. We need to investigate their specific role among a larger cohort, taking into account an epitope analysis (read more). Print this post

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