Saturday, July 21, 2012

Surgical prevention and management of vascular complications of kidney transplantation

The main surgical changes in kidney procurement, preparation, and transplantation procedures occurred 20 years ago and were undertaken despite the inability to design randomized studies. The objective was to assess the evolution of vascular complications after kidney transplantation in a setting of surgical preventive measures in a historical series. A monocentric series of 3129 consecutive kidney transplantations performed over 3 decades was reviewed. The occurrence of arterial or venous thromboses, stenoses, and aneurysms was analyzed in relation with kidney procurement, preparation, and transplantation techniques. Vascular complications occurred in 13.5% of the recipients with a mean 3-year decrease in kidney graft function. The transplantation of a right kidney without renal vein extension, multiple renal arteries, ex vivo vascular repairs, and end-to-end arterial anastomoses were the unfavorable surgical vascular factors. It was possible to manage Transplant Renal Artery Stenosis (TRAS) nonsurgically in 80% of the cases. The prevention of vascular complications begins from the time of organ procurement by skilled surgeons. The aims of organ preparation are to evaluate the vascular risk, select the organs, and to simplify the anatomical constraints of vascular implantations. The three surgical steps of kidney transplantation are determinant in postoperative vascular complications and the duration of graft function (read more). Print this post

No comments:

Post a Comment