Wednesday, July 4, 2012

The humanized anti-HLA-DR moAb, IMMU-114, depletes APCs and reduces alloreactive T cells: implications for preventing GVHD

In contrast to the conventional immunosuppressive agents and nonselective T-cell-depleting antibodies, selective depletion of donor alloreactive T cells and/or host APCs, particularly DCs, represents a novel approach that can effectively control GVHD with less or no impairment of T-cell-mediated antiviral and GVL immunity. Here we report that IMMU-114, a humanized anti-human leukocyte antigen-DR (HLA-DR) moAb, efficiently depleted human PBMCs of all APCs, including B cells, monocytes, myeloid DC type-1 (mDC1), mDC2 and plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs). Early and late apoptosis of mDC1, mDC2 and pDCs, and late apoptosis of all APC subsets, were increased by IMMU-114 treatment. Although IMMU-114 had little, if any, effect on the survival and apoptosis of non-B lymphocytes (>80% of which are T cells and ~1-2% of T cells express HLA-DR), it selectively inhibited the proliferation of purified HLA-DR+ T cells rather than HLA-DR T cells. As a consequence, IMMU-114 treatment resulted in suppressed T-cell proliferation and reduced CD25+ alloreactive T cells in allogeneic MLRs. Given the critical roles of APCs and alloreactive T cells in the pathogenesis of GVHD, these results suggest that IMMU-114 may have therapeutic potential against GVHD (read more)
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