Friday, June 15, 2012

Identification and expansion of highly suppressive CD8+FoxP3+ regulatory T cells after experimental allogeneic bone marrow transplantation

FoxP3+ confers suppressive properties and is confined to regulatory T cells (Treg) that potently inhibit autoreactive immune responses. In the transplant setting, natural CD4+ Treg are critical in controlling alloreactivity and the establishment of tolerance. We now identify an important CD8+ population of FoxP3+ Treg that convert from CD8+ conventional donor T cells after allogeneic but not syngeneic bone marrow transplantation. These CD8+ Treg undergo conversion in the mesenteric lymph nodes under the influence of recipient dendritic cells and TGF-β. Importantly, this population is as important for protection from GVHD as the well-studied natural CD4+FoxP3+ population and is more potent in exerting class I–restricted and antigen-specific suppression in vitro and in vivo. Critically, CD8+FoxP3+ Treg are exquisitely sensitive to inhibition by cyclosporine but can be massively and specifically expanded in vivo to prevent GVHD by coadministering rapamycin and IL-2 antibody complexes. CD8+FoxP3+ Treg thus represent a new regulatory population with considerable potential to preferentially subvert MHC class I–restricted T-cell responses after bone marrow transplantation (read more). Print this post

No comments:

Post a Comment